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Eyes on the Prize
Further Reading
Further Reading

Williams, Juan. Eyes on the Prize: America's Civil Rights Years, 1954-1965. New York: Penguin Books, 1988.

The companion volume to the PBS television series. "A fascinating, fast-moving overview... Even those who participated will find in this book reminders of the civil rights movement's incredible human and political complexity..." — The New York Times Book Review

Hampton, Henry, and Steve Fayer. Voices of Freedom: An Oral History of the Civil Rights Movement from the 1950s Through the 1980s. New York: Bantam Books, 1990.

From the bus boycott in Montgomery to busing in Boston, from the marches on Selma to the riots in Miami, Voices of Freedom is a monumental volume that illuminates the long, impassioned, sometimes painful and sometimes joyful struggle for a truly democratic society that continues today.

Carson, Clayborne et al., general eds. The Eyes on the Prize Civil Rights Reader: Documents, Speeches, and Firsthand Accounts from the Black Freedom Struggle, 1954-1990. New York: Penguin Books, 1991.

The most comprehensive anthology available of primary documents spanning the civil rights movement. A vital and necessary book for anyone who wants to understand how far the civil rights movement has come and how far it has yet to go.

Companion books | Web sites | Music | Other books

Civil Rights Movement Veterans
Created by members of CORE, SCLC, SNCC, NAACP and other organizations, this Web site includes photos, oral histories, and documents. The bibliography has a section devoted to books for younger readers and a list of Web links by subject. The site also lists movement veterans in 40 states and around the world who are available to speak at schools.

We Shall Overcome: Historic Places of the Civil Rights Movement
A collaboration between the National Park Service and the Federal Highway Administration, this Web site presents photographs, maps and information about places with relevance to the movement, as well as the Selma to Montgomery March National Historic Trail.

African American Odyssey
See the Library of Congress's online exhibition about the history of African-Americans, ending with the Civil Rights Movement, well illustrated with photographs and documents.

The Martin Luther King, Jr., Research and Education Institute
Based at Stanford University, the King Institute is publishing the papers of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. The Web site features a biography and encyclopedia of Dr. King and the movement, important speeches in text and audio formats, and teaching materials.

Reporting Civil Rights
The companion Web site for The Library of America's book series includes a timeline, recollections of journalists covering the movement and an excellent list of further web resources.

"With an Even Hand": Brown v. Board at Fifty
A photo-rich essay on the origins and legacy of the Supreme Court decision that outlawed segregation is presented by the Library of Congress.

Civil Rights in Mississippi Digital Archive
This University of Southern Mississippi Web site features original documents and oral histories. See digitized copies of the actual arrest records of Freedom Riders, as well as SNCC Guidelines for Parents of Mississippi Volunteers from 1964. Oral histories are presented in transcripts as well as excerpted audio from interviews.

The Birmingham News: Unseen. Unforgotten.
In 2004, the Birmingham News discovered a cache of thousands of unpublished news photographs in a closet. Many documented events of the civil rights movement. This Web site presents a selection, in categories like desegregation, the Freedom Riders, and voting rights.

The 40th Anniversary of the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom — Have We Fulfilled the Dream?
The U.S. Dept. of State's Web site reviewing the 1963 March on Washington includes speeches in audio and text and photo galleries.

The Sixties Project
A site created by humanities professors that features primary documents, personal histories, and college teaching syllabi. Also, galleries of 1960s buttons, political posters and a comic book written by Julian Bond.

Martin Luther King, Jr. and the Civil Rights Movement
The Seattle Times maintains a rich site devoted to Martin Luther King, Jr. including Perspectives, a section that considers King's influence through personal essays, student compositions and a dialogue between third grade classes in Birmingham, AL and Kent, WA.

Civil Rights Teaching
The Web site for the book and program, Putting the Movement Back into Civil Rights Teaching includes ideas for interactive assemblies and lesson plans that stress the grass roots nature of and youthful participants in the Civil Rights Movement, encouraging today's students to engage with and challenge ideas.

Companion books | Web sites | Music | Other books

Sweet Honey in the Rock. "All For Freedom" (Music For Little People), 1992.
This children's album includes songs from the Civil Rights Movement, from Africa, and traditional songs, and provides lyrics.

Various Artists. "Voices of the Civil Rights Movement: Black American Freedom Songs, 1960-1966" (Smithsonian/Folkways: CD SF 40084), 1997.
This two disc set is packed with songs from the Civil Rights Movement.

Various Artists. "Sing for Freedom: The Story of the Civil Rights Movement Through Its Songs" (Smithsonian/Folkways: CD SF 40032), 1990.
Early 1960s field recordings from various places where the movement was active, like Montgomery and Birmingham, are included on this recording.

Books About Music
Carawan, Guy and Candie Carawan, eds. We Shall Overcome! Songs of the Southern Freedom Movement. New York: Oak Publications, 1963.

Martin, Bradford D. The Theater Is in the Street: Politics and Performance in Sixties America. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 2004.

Werner, Craig. A Change is Gonna Come: Music, Race & the Soul of America. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2006.

Companion books | Web sites | Music | Other books

First person accounts
Some memoirs and oral histories are also listed under specific subjects below.

Blake, John. Children of the Movement: the Sons and Daughters of Martin Luther King, Jr., Malcolm X, Elijah Muhammad, George Wallace, Andrew Young, Julian Bond, Stokely Carmichael, Bob Moses, James Chaney, Elaine Brown, and Others Reveal How the Civil Rights Movement Tested and Transformed Their Families. Chicago: Lawrence Hill Books, 2004.

Bond, Julian. A Time to Speak, A Time to Act; the Movement in Politics. New York, Simon and Schuster, 1972.

Chafe, William H., Raymond Gavins, and Robert Korstad, et al., eds. Remembering Jim Crow. New York: New Press, in association with Lyndhurst Books of the Center for Documentary Studies of Duke University: Distributed by W.W. Norton & Co., 2001.

Davis, Angela Y. With My Mind on Freedom: An Autobiography. New York: Bantam, 1975.

Greenberg, Cheryl Lynn. A Circle of Trust: Remembering SNCC. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1998.

Hill, Ruth Edmonds, ed. The Black Women Oral History Project: from the Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America, Radcliffe College. Westport, CT: Meckler, 1991.

Lewis, John with Michael D'Orso. Walking with the Wind: a Memoir of the Movement. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1998.

Lyon, Danny. Memories of the Southern Civil Rights Movement. Chapel Hill: Published for the Center for Documentary Studies, Duke University by the University of North Carolina Press, 1992.

Marable, Manning, Leith Mullings, eds. Let Nobody Turn Us Around: Voices of Resistance, Reform, and Renewal: an African American Anthology. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2000.

Moody, Anne. Coming of Age in Mississippi. New York: Dial. 1968.

Parks, Rosa. The Autobiography of Rosa Parks. New York: Dial Books, 1990.

Wilkins, Roy. Standing Fast: The Autobiography of Roy Wilkins. Viking, 1982.


Lee, Chana Kai. For Freedom's Sake: The Life of Fannie Lou Hamer, 1917-1977. Champaign, Illinois: University of Illinois Press, 1999.

Neary, John. Julian Bond: Black Rebel. New York, Morrow, 1971.

Pinkney, Andrea Davis. Let It Shine: Stories of Black Women Freedom Fighters. San Diego: Harcourt, 2000.

General Histories

Arsenault, Raymond. Freedom Riders: 1961 and the Struggle for Racial Justice. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 2006.

Bond, Julian. Black Candidates: Southern Campaign Experiences. Atlanta: Voter Education Project, Southern Regional Council, 1968.

Carson, Clayborne. In Struggle: SNCC and the Black Awakening of the 1960s. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1995.

Dudziak, Mary L. Cold War Civil Rights: Race and the Image of American Democracy. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2000.

Egerton, John. Speak Now Against the Day: the Generation Before the Civil Rights Movement in the South. New York: Knopf, 1994.

Franklin, John Hope. From Slavery to Freedom: A History of Negro Americans. New York: Vintage Books, 1969.

Harding, Vincent. Hope and History: Why We Must Share the Story of the Movement. Maryknoll, New York: Orbis Books, 1990.

Holt, Len. The Summer That Didn't End: The Story of the Mississippi Civil Rights Project of 1964. New York: Da Capo Press, 1992.

Jonas, Gilbert. Freedom's Sword: the NAACP and the Struggle Against Racism in America, 1909-1969. New York: Routledge, 2005.

Kohl, Herbert R. She Would Not be Moved: How We Tell the Story of Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Boycott. New York: New Press, 2005.

Marable, Manning. Race, Reform, and Rebellion: the Second Reconstruction in Black America, 1945-1990. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 1991.

Marable, Manning, and Leith Mullings. Freedom: a Photographic History of the African American Struggle. New York: Phaidon, 2002.

Meier, August and Elliott Rudwick. CORE: A Study in the Civil Rights Movement, 1942-1968. New York: Oxford University Press, 1973.

Metcalf, George R. Up from Within: Today's New Black Leaders. New York, McGraw-Hill, 1971.

Noonan, Marie Ellen. Different Ends of the Spectrum: Black and White Women in the Beloved Community of SNCC. 1988.

Romano, Renee C. and Leigh Raiford, eds. The Civil Rights Movement in American Memory. Athens, GA: University of Georgia Press, 2006.

Seeger, Pete. Everybody Says Freedom: A History of the Civil Rights Movement in Songs and Pictures. New York: Norton, 1989.

Theoharis, Jeanne F. and Komozi Woodard, eds. Freedom North: Black Freedom Struggles Outside the South, 1940-1980. Macmillan. 2003.

Zinn, Howard. SNCC: The New Abolitionists. Cambridge, MA: South End Press, 2002.

Black Power

Baraka, Imamu Amiri. The Essence of Reparation: Afro-American Self-Determination & Revolutionary Democratic Struggle in the United States of America. Philipsburg, St. Martin, Caribbean: House of Nehesi Publishers, 2003.

----. The LeRoi Jones/Amiri Baraka Reader. New York: Thunder's Mouth Press, 1991.

Baruch, Ruth-Marion, and Pirkle Jones. Black Panthers, 1968. Los Angeles: Greybull Press; New York: Distribution by D.A.P./Distribution Art Publishers, 2002.

Carmichael, Stokely and Charles V. Hamilton. Black Power: the Politics of Liberation in America. New York: Vintage Books, 1992.

Carmichael, Stokely. Stokely Speaks: Black Power Back to Pan-Africanism. New York, Random House, 1971.

Carmichael, Stokely (Kwame Ture) with Ekwueme Michael Thelwell. Ready for Revolution: the Life and Struggles of Stokely Carmichael (Kwame Ture). New York: Scribner, 2003.

Foner, Philip S. The Black Panthers Speak. New York: Da Capo Press, 1995.

Joseph, Peniel E., ed. The Black Power Movement: Rethinking the Civil Rights-Black Power Era. New York: Routledge, 2006.

Newton, Huey P. War Against the Panthers: a study of Repression in America. New York: Writers and Readers Publishing, 1996.

Watts, Jerry Gafio. Amiri Baraka: the Politics and Art of a Black Intellectual. New York: New York University Press, 2001.

Wilkins, Roy, and Ramsey Clark. Search and Destroy: a Report by the Commission of Inquiry into the Black Panthers and the Police. Metropolitan Applied Research Center, 1973.

Woodard, Komozi. A Nation Within a Nation: Amiri Baraka (LeRoi Jones) and Black Power Politics. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina. 1999.

Zimroth, Peter L. Perversions of Justice: the Prosecution and Acquittal of the Panther 21. New York, Viking Press, 1974.

The Attica Prison Riot

Badillo, Herman, and Milton Haynes. A Bill of No Rights; Attica and the American Prison System. New York: Outerbridge & Lazard; distributed by Dutton, 1972.

Bell, Malcolm. The Turkey Shoot: Tracking the Attica Cover-Up. New York: Grove Press, 1985.

Featherstone, Richard Andrew. Narratives from the 1971 Attica Prison Riot: Toward a New Theory of Correctional Disturbances. Lewiston, NY: Edwin Mellen Press, 2005.

New York (State) Special Commission on Attica. Attica: the Official Report of the New York State Special Commission on Attica. New York, Bantam Books, 1972.

Oswald, Russell G. Attica - My Story. Garden City, NY, Doubleday, 1972.

Wicker, Tom. A Time to Die: the Attica Prison Revolt. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1994.

The Boston Busing Crisis

Eaton, Susan E. The Other Boston Busing Story: What's Won and Lost Across the Boundary Line. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2001.

Formisano, Ronald P. Boston Against Busing: Race, Class, and Ethnicity in the 1960s and 1970s. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2004.

Lupo, Alan. Liberty's Chosen Home: the Politics of Violence in Boston. Boston: Beacon Press, 1988.

Malloy, Ione. Southie Won't Go: A Teacher's Diary of the Desegregation of South Boston High School. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1986.

Taylor, Steven J. L. Desegregation in Boston and Buffalo: the Influence of Local Leaders. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1998.

The Detroit Riot

Assembly on the Kerner Report Revisited (1970: Allerton House). The Kerner Report Revisited; Final Report and Background Papers. Edited by Philip Meranto. Urbana: Institute of Government and Public Affairs, University of Illinois, 1970.

Fine, Sidney. Violence in the Model City: the Cavanagh Administration, Race Relations, and the Detroit Riot of 1967. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1989.

Gordon, Leonard. A City in Racial Crisis; the Case of Detroit Pre- and Post- the 1967 Riot. Dubuque, IA: W. C. Brown Co. 1971.

Locke, Hubert G. The Detroit Riot of 1967. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1969.

United States. Kerner Commission. The Riot Report: a Shortened Version of the Report of the National Advisory Commission on Civil Disorders. New York: Viking Press, 1969.

United States. Kerner Commission. Report of the National Advisory Commission on Civil Disorders. Washington, D.C.: The Commission, 1968.

The Miami Riot

Marable, Manning. The Fire This Time: the Miami Rebellion of 1980. Dayton, Ohio: Black Research Associates, 1980.

Porter, Bruce D. and Marvin Dunn. The Miami Riot of 1980: Crossing the Bounds. Lexington, MA: Lexington Books, 1984.

Medgar, Myrlie, and Charles Evers

Evers, Charles, and Andrew Szanton. Have No Fear: the Charles Evers Story. New York: J. Wiley & Sons, 1997.

Evers, Medgar Wiley. The Autobiography of Medgar Evers: a Hero's Life and Legacy Revealed Through his Writings, Letters, and Speeches. Edited by Myrlie Evers-Willams and Manning Marable. New York: Basic Civitas Books, 2005.

Evers-Williams, Myrlie, with William Peters. For Us, The Living. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 1996.

Massengill, Reed. Portrait of a Racist: the Man who Killed Medgar Evers. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1994.

Nossiter, Adam. Of Long Memory: Mississippi and the Murder of Medgar Evers. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley, 1994.

Vollers, Maryanne. Ghosts of Mississippi: the Murder of Medgar Evers, the Trials of Byron de la Beckwith, and the Haunting of the New South. Boston: Little, Brown, 1995.

Martin Luther King, Jr.

A bibliography of books by and about Dr. King can be found at http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/mlk/filmmore/fr.html.

Branch, Taylor. At Canaan's Edge: America in the King Years, 1965-68. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2006.

Thurgood Marshall and the Brown v. Board Decision

Ball, Howard. A Defiant Life: Thurgood Marshall and the Persistence of Racism in America. New York: Crown Publishers, 1998.

Bland, Randall Walton. Justice Thurgood Marshall: Crusader for Liberalism: his Judicial Biography, 1908-1993. Bethesda, MD: Academica Press, 2001.

Byrne, Dara N., ed. Brown v. Board of Education: its Impact on Public Education, 1954-2004. Brooklyn, NY: Word For Word Pub. Co.; New York: Thurgood Marshall Scholarship Fund, 2005.

Davis, Michael D., and Hunter R. Clark. Thurgood Marshall: Warrior at the Bar, Rebel on the Bench. Secaucus, NJ: Carol Pub. Group, 1994.

Goldman, Roger L. with David Gallen. Thurgood Marshall: Justice for All. New York: Carroll & Graf, 1992.

Kluger, Richard. Simple Justice: the History of Brown v. Board of Education and Black America's Struggle for Equality. New York: Knopf, 2004.

Marshall, Thurgood. Supreme Justice: Speeches and Writings. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2003.

McNeil, Genna Rae. Groundwork : Charles Hamilton Houston and the struggle for civil rights. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1983.

Ogletree, Charles J. All Deliberate Speed: Reflections on the First Half Century of Brown v. Board of Education. New York: W. W. Norton, 2004.

Rowan, Carl Thomas. Dream Makers, Dream Breakers: the World of Justice Thurgood Marshall. Boston: Little Brown & Co., 1993.

Speer, Hugh W. The Case of the Century; a Historical and Social Perspective on Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, with Present and Future Implications. Kansas City: University of Missouri - Kansas City, 1968.

Tushnet, Mark V. Making Civil Rights Law: Thurgood Marshall and the Supreme Court, 1936-1961. New York: Oxford University Press, 1994.

Williams, Juan. Thurgood Marshall: American Revolutionary. New York: Times Books, 1998.

Young, Margaret B. The Picture Life of Thurgood Marshall. New York, Watts, 1971.

Emmett Till and Lynching in America

A bibliography for books about Emmett Till can be found at http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/till/filmmore/fr.html

Books about lynching, especially the famous "Scottsboro Boys" case, can be found at http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/scottsboro/filmmore/fr.html

Malcolm X and the Nation of Islam

A bibliography for books by and about Malcolm X can be found at http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/malcolmx/filmmore/fr.html

Comic Books

Anderson, Ho Che. King: A Comics Biography of Martin Luther King, Jr. Fantagraphics, 2005.

Bond, Julian and T.G. Lewis. Vietnam: An Anti-war Comic Book, 1967. Online at http://lists.village.virginia.edu/sixties/HTML_docs/Exhibits/Bond/Bond.html.

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Eyes on the Prize Blackside American Experience