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"Report to the Secretary on the Acquiescence of this Government in the
Murder of the Jews," initialed by Randolph Paul for the Foreign Funds Control
Unit of the Treasury Department, January 13, 1944.
One of the greatest crimes in history, the slaughter of the Jewish people in
Europe, is continuing unabated.
This Government has for a long time maintained that its policy is to work out
programs to serve those Jews of Europe who could be saved.
I am convinced on the basis of the information which is available to me that
certain officials in our State Department, which is charged with carrying out
this policy, have been guilty not only of gross procrastination and wilful
failure to act, but even of wilful attempts to prevent action from being taken
to rescue Jews from Hitler.
I fully recognize the graveness of this statement and I make it only after
having most carefully weighed the shocking facts which have come to my
attention during the last several months.
Unless remedial steps of a drastic nature are taken, and taken immediately, I
am certain that no effective action will be taken by this government to prevent
the complete extermination of the Jews in German controlled Europe, and that
this Government will have to share for all time responsibility for this
The tragic history of the Government's handling of this matter reveals that
certain State Department officials are guilty of the following:
(1) They have not only failed to use the Governmental machinery at their
disposal to rescue Jews from Hitler, but have even gone so far as to use this
Government machinery to prevent the rescue of these Jews.
(2) They have not only failed to cooperate with private organizations in the
efforts of these organizations to work out individual programs of their own,
but have taken steps designed to prevent these programs from being put into
(3) They not only have failed to facilitate the obtaining of information
concerning Hitler's plans to exterminate the Jews of Europe but in their
official capacity have gone so far as to surreptitiously attempt to stop the
obtaining of information concerning the murder of the Jewish population of
(4) The have tried to cover up their guilt by:
(a) concealment and misrepresentation;
(b) the giving of false and misleading explanations for their failures to act
and their attempts to prevent action; and
(c) the issuance of false and misleading statements concerning the "action"
which they have taken to date.
Although only part of the facts relating to the activities of the State
Department in this field are available to us, sufficient facts have come to my
attention from various sources during the last several months to fully support
the conclusions at which I have arrived.
(1) State Department officials have not only failed to use the Governmental
machinery at their disposal to rescue the Jews from Hitler, but have even gone
so far as to use this Governmental machinery to prevent the rescue of these
The public record, let alone the facts which have not as yet been made pubic,
reveals the gross procrastination and wilful failure to act of those officials
actively representing this Government in this field.
(a) A long time has passed since it became clear that Hitler was determined to
carry out a policy of exterminating the Jews in Europe.
(b) Over a year has elapsed since this Government and other members of the
United Nations publicly acknowledged and denounced this policy of
extermination; and since the President gave assurances that the United States
would make every effort together with the United Nations to save those who
could be saved.
(c) Despite the fact that time is most precious in this matter, State
Department officials have been kicking the matter around for over a year
without producing results; giving all sorts of excuses for delays upon delays;
advancing no specific proposals designed to rescue Jews, at the same time
proposing that the whole refugee problem be "explored" by this Government and
Intergovernmental Committees. While the State Department has been thus
"exploring" the whole refugee problem, without distinguishing between those who
are in imminent danger of death and those who are not, hundreds of thousands of
Jews have been allowed to perish.
As early as August 1942 a message form the Secretary of the World Jewish
Congress in Switzerland (Riegner), transmitted through the British Foreign
Office, reported that Hitler had under consideration a plan to exterminate all
Jews in German controlled Europe. By November 1942 sufficient evidence had
been received, including substantial documentary evidence transmitted though
our Legation in Switzerland, to confirm that Hitler had actually adopted and
was carrying out his plan to exterminate the Jews. Sumner Welles accordingly
authorized the Jewish organizations to make the facts public.
Thereupon, the Jewish organizations took the necessary steps to bring the
shocking facts to the attention of the public through mass meetings, etc. and
to elicit public support for governmental action. On December 17, 1942, a
joint statement of the United States and the European members of the United
Nations was issued calling attention to and denouncing the fact that Hitler was
carrying into effect his oft-repeated intention to exterminate the Jewish
people in Europe.
Since the time when this government knew that the Jews were being murdered, our
State Department has failed to take any positive steps reasonably calculated to
save any of these people. Although State has used the device of setting up
intergovernmental organizations to survey the whole refugee problem, and
calling conferences such as the Bermuda Conference to explore the whole refugee
problem, making it appear that positive action could be expected, in fact
nothing has been accomplished.
Before the outcome of the Bermuda conference, which was held in April 1943, was
made public, Senator Langer prophetically stated in an address in the Senate on
October 6, 1943:
"As yet we have had no report from the Bermuda Refugee Conference. With the
best good will in the world and with all latitude that could and should be
accorded to diplomatic negotiations in time of war, I may be permitted to voice
the bitter suspicion that the absence of a report indicates only one thing--the
lack of action.
"Probably in all 5703 years, Jews have hardly had a time as tragic and hopeless
as the one which they are undergoing now. One of the most tragic factors about
the situation is that while singled out for suffering and martyrdom by their
enemies, they seem to have been forgotten by the nations which claim to fight
for the cause of humanity. WE should remember the Jewish slaughterhouse of
Europe and ask what is being done--and I emphasize the word 'done'--to get some
of these suffering human beings out of the slaughter while yet alive.
"*** Perhaps it would be necessary to introduce a formal resolution or to ask
the Secretary of State t report to an appropriate congressional committee on
the steps being taken in this connection. Normally it would have been the job
of the Government to show itself alert to this tragedy; but when a government
neglects a duty it is the job of the legislature in a democracy to remind it of
that duty. *** It is not important who voices a call for action, and it is not
important what procedure is being used in order to get action. It is important
that action be undertaken."
Similar fears were voiced be Representatives Cellar, Dickstein, and Klein.
Senator Wagner and Representative Sadowski also issued calls for action.
The widespread fears concerning the failure of the Bermuda Conference were
fully confirmed when Breckinridge Long finally revealed some of the things that
had happened at that Conference in his statement before the Committee of
Foreign Affairs of the House on November 26, 1942.
After Long's "disclosure" Representative Cellar stated in the House on December
"He discloses some of the things that happened at the so called Bermuda
Conference. He thought he was telling us something heretofore unknown and
secret. What happened at the Bermuda Conference could not be kept executive.
All the recommendations and findings of the Bermuda Conference were made known
to the Intergovernmental Committee of Refugees in 938 and which has been
functioning all this time in London. How much has that Committee accomplished
in the years of its being. It will be remembered that the Intergovernmental
Committee functions through an executive committee composed of six countries,
the United States, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, France, Brazil, and
Argentina. True, no report of the Bermuda Conference was made public. But a
strangely ironical fact will be noted in the presence of Argentina on this most
trusted of committees, Argentina that provoked the official reprimand of
President Roosevelt by its banning of the Jewish Press, and within whose
borders Nazi propagandists and falangists now enjoy a Roman holiday. I contend
that by the very nature of its composition the Intergovernmental Committee on
Refugees cannot function successfully as the instrumentality to rescue the
Jewish people of Europe. The benefits to be derived from the Bermuda
Conference like those of the previous Evian Conference can fit into a tiny
One of the best summaries of the whole situation is contained in one sentence
of a report submitted on December 20, 1943, by the Committee on Foreign
Relations of the Senate, recommending the passage of a Resolution (S.R. 203)
favoring the appointment of a commission to formulate plans to save the Jews of
Europe from extinction by Nazi Germany. The Committee stated:
"We have talked; we have sympathized; we have expressed our horror; the time to
act is long past due."
The Senate Resolution had been introduced be Senator Guy M. Gillettte in behalf
of himself and eleven colleagues, Senators Taft, Thomas, Radcliffe, Murray,
Johnson, Guffey, Ferguson, Clark, Van Nuys, Downey and Ellender.
The House Resolutions (H.R.'s 350 and 352), identical with the Senate
Resolution, were introduced by Representatives Baldwin and Rogers.
The most glaring example of the use of the machinery of this Government to
actually prevent the rescue of Jews is the administrative restrictions which
have been placed upon the granting of visas to the United States. In the note
which the State Department sent to the British on February 25, 1943 it was
"Since the entry of the United States into the war there have been no new
restrictions placed by the Government of the United States upon the number of
aliens of any nationality permitted to proceed to this country under existing
laws, except for the more intensive examination of aliens required for security
The exception "for security reason" mentioned in this note is the joker. Under
the pretext of security reasons so many difficulties have been placed in the
way of refugees obtaining visas that it is no wonder that the admission of
refugees to this country does not come anywhere near the quote, despite Long's
statement designed to create the impression to the contrary. The following
administrative restrictions which have been applied to the issuance of visas
since the beginning of the war are typical.
(a) Many applications for visas have been denied on the grounds that the
applications have close relatives in Axis controlled Europe. The theory of
this is that the enemy would be able to put pressure on the applicant as a
result of the fact that the enemy has the power of life or death over his
(b) Another restriction greatly increases the red tape and delay involved in
getting the visa and requires among other things two affidavits of support and
sponsorship to be furnished with each application for a visa. To each
affidavit of support and sponsorship there must be attached two letters of
reference from two reputable American citizens.
If anyone were to attempt to work out a set of restrictions specifically
designed to prevent Jewish refugees from entering this country it is difficult
to conceive of how more effective restrictions could have been imposed than
have already been imposed on grounds of "security".
It is obvious of course that these restrictions are not essential for security
reasons. Thus refugees upon arriving in this country could be placed in
internment camps similar to those used for the Japanese on the West Coast and
released only after a satisfactory investigation. Furthermore, even if we took
these refugees and treated then as prisoners of war it would be better than
letting them die.
Representative Dickstein stated in the House on December 15:
"If we consider the fact that the average admission would then be at the rate
of less than 50,000 per year, it is clear that the organs of our Government
have not done their duty. The existing quotas call for the admission of more
than 150,000 every year, so that if the quotas themselves had been filled there
would have been a total of one-half million and not 500,000 during the period
"But that is not the whole story. There was no effect of any kind made to save
from death many of the refugees who could have been saved during the rime that
transportation lines were available and there was no obstacle to their
admission to the United States. But the obstructive policy of our organs of
Government, particularly the State Department, which saw fit to hedge itself
about with rules and regulations, instead of lifting rules and regulations,
brought about a condition so that not even the existing immigration quotas are
Representative Celler stated in the House on June 30:
"Mr. Speaker, nations have declared war on Germany, and their high-ranking
officials have issued pious protestations against the Nazi massacre of Jewish
victims, but not one of these countries thus far has said they would be willing
to accept these refugees either permanently or as visitors, or any of the
minority peoples trying to escape the Hitler prison and slaughterhouse.
"Goebbels says: 'The United Nations won't take any Jews. We don't want them.
Let's kill them.' And so he and Hitler are marking Europe Judentun.
"Without any change in our immigration statutes we could receive a reasonable
number of those who are fortunate enough to escape the Nazi hellhole, receive
them as visitors, the immigration quotas notwithstanding. They could be placed
in camps or cantonments and held there in such havens until after the war.
Private charitable agencies would be willing to pay the entire cost thereof.
They would be no expense to the Government whatsoever. These agencies would
even pay for transportation by ships to and from this country.
"We house and maintain Nazi prisoners, many of them undoubtedly responsible for
Nazi atrocities. We should do no less for the victims of the rage of the
Again, on December 20, he stated:
"According to Earl G. Harrison, Commissioner of the Immigration and
Naturalization Service, not since 1862 have there been fewer aliens entering
"Frankly, Breckinridge Long, in my humble opinion, is least sympathetic to
refugees in all the State Department. I attribute to him the tragic bottleneck
in the granting of visas.
"The Interdepartmental Review Committees which review the applications for
visas are composed of one official, respectively, from each of the following
Departments: War, Navy, F.B.I. State, and Immigration. That committee has been
glacier-like in its slowness and coldbloodedness. It takes months and months
to grant the visas and then it usually applies to a corpse.
"I brought this difficulty to the attention of the President. He asked Long to
investigate at once. No, there has been no change in conditions. The gruesome
bottleneck still exists."
(2) State Department officials have not only failed to cooperate with private
organizations in the efforts of these organizations to work out individuals
programs of their own, but have taken steps designed to prevent these programs
from behind out into effect.
The best evidence in support of this charge are the facts relating to the
proposal of the World Jewish Congress to evacuate thousands of Jews from
Rumania and France. The highlights relating to the efforts of State Department
officials to prevent this proposal from being put into effect are the
(a) On March 13, 1942, a cable was received from the World Jewish Congress
representatives in London stating that information reaching London indicated
the possibility of rescuing Jews provided funds were put at the disposal of the
world Jewish Congress representation in Switzerland.
(b) On April 10, 1943, Sumner Welles cabled our Legation in Bern and requested
them to get in touch with the World Jewish Congress representative in
Switzerland, whom Welles had been informed was in possession of important
information regarding the situation of the Jews.
(c) On April 20, 1943, a cable was received from Bern relating to the proposed
financial arrangements in connection with the evacuation of the Jews from
Rumania and France.
(d) On May 25, 1943, State Department cabled for a clarification of these
proposed financial arrangements. This matter was not called to the attention
of the Treasury Department at this time.
(e) This whole question of financing the evacuation of the Jews from Rumania
and France was first called to the attention of the Treasury Department on June
(f) A conference was held with the State Department relating to this matter on
July 15, 1943.
(g) One day after this conference, on July 16, 1943, the Treasury Department
advised the State Department that it was prepared to issue in this matter.
(h) The license was not issued until December 13, 1943.
During this five months period between the time that the Treasury stated that
it was prepared to issue a license and the time when the license was actually
issued delays and objections of all sorts were forthcoming from officials in
the State Department, our Legation in Bern, and finally the British. The real
significance of these delays and objections was brought home to the State
Department in letters which you sent to Secretary Hull on November 24, 1943,
and December 17, 1943, which completely devastated the "excuses" which State
Department officials had been advancing . On December 10 you made an
appointment to discuss the matter with Secretary Hull on December 20. And then
an amazing bu t understandable thing happened. On December 13, the day after
you sent your letter and the day on which you requested an appointment with
Secretary Hull, the State Department sent a telegram to the British Foreign
Office expressing astonishment with the British point of view and stating that
the Department was unable to agree with that pint of view (in simple terms, the
British point of view referred to by the State Department is that they are
apparently prepared to accept the possible--even probable-- death of thousands
of Jews in enemy territory because of the difficulties of disposing of any
considerable number of Jews should they be rescued.) On the same day, the
State Department issued a license notwithstanding the fact that the objections
of our Legation in Bern were still outstanding and that British disapproved had
already been expressed. State Department officials were in such a hurry to
issue this license that they not only did not ask the Treasury to draft the
license (which would have been the normal procedure) but they drafted the
license themselves and issued it without even consulting the Treasury as to its
terms. Informal discussions with certain State Department officials have
confirmed what is obvious from the above mentioned facts.
Breckinridge Long knew that his position was so indefensible that he was
unwilling to even try to defend it at your pending conference with Secretary
Hull on December 20. Accordingly, he took such action as he felt was necessary
to "cover up" his previous position in this matter. It is, of course, clear
that if we had not made the record against the State Department followed by
your request to see Secretary Hull, the action which the State Department
officials took on December [ill.] could either never have been taken at all or
would have been delayed so long that any benefits which it might have had would
have been lost.
(3) State Department officials not only have failed to facilitate the obtaining
of in formation concerning Hitler's plans to exterminate the Jews of Europe but
in their official capacity have gone so far as to surreptitiously attempt to
stop the obtaining of information concerning the murder fo the Jewish
population in Europe.
The evidence supporting this conclusion is so shocking and so tragic that it is
difficult to believe.
The facts are as follows:
(2) Sumner Welles as Acting Secretary of State requests confirmation of
Hitler's plan to exterminate the Jews. Having already received various reports
on the plight of the Jews, on October 5, 1942, Sumner Welles as Acting
Secretary of State sent a cable (2314) for the personal attention of Minister
Harrison in Bern stating that leaders of the Jewish Congress had received
reports from their representatives in Geneva and London to the effect that many
thousands of Jews in Eastern Europe were being slaughtered pursuant to a policy
embarked upon by the German Government for the complete extermination of the
Jews in Europe. Welles added that he was trying to obtain further information
from the Vatican but that other than this he was unable to secure confirmation
of these stories. He stated that Rabbi Wise believed that information was
available to his representatives in Switzerland but that they were in all
likelihood fearful of dispatching any such reports through open cables or mail.
He then stated that Riegner and Lichtheim were being requested by Wise to call
upon Minister Harrison; and Welles requested Minster Harrison to advise him by
telegram of all the evidence and facts which he might secure as a result of
conference with Riegner and Lichteim.
(b) State Department receives confirmation and shocking evidence that the
extermination was being rapidly and effectively carried out. Pursuant to
Welles' cable of October 5 Minister Harrison forwarded documents from Riegner
confirming the fact of extermination of the Jews (in November 1942), and in a
cable of January 21, 1942 (482) relayed a message from Riegner and Lichteim
which Harrison stated was for the information of the Under Secretary of State
(and was to be transmitted to Rabbi Stephen Wise if the Under Secretary should
so determine). This message described a horrible situation concerning the
plight of Jews in Europe. It reported mass executions of Jews in Poland;
according to one source 6,000 Jews were being killed daily; the Jews were
required before execution to strip themselves of all their clothing which was
then sent to Germany; the remaining Jews in Poland were confined to ghettos,
etc.; in Germany deportations were continuing; many Jews were in hiding and
there had been many cases of suicide; Jews were being deprived of rationed
foodstuffs; no Jews would be left in Prague or Berlin by the end of March,
etc.; and in Rumania 130,000 Jews were deported to Transnistria; about 60,000
had already died and the remaining 70,000 were starving; living conditions were
indescribable; Jews were deprived of all their money, foodstuffs and
possessions; they were housed in deserted cellars, and occasionally twenty to
thirty people slept on the floor of one unheated room; disease was prevalent,
particularly fever; urgent assistance was needed.
(c) Sumner Welles furnishes this information to the Jewish organizations.
Sumner Welles furnished the documents received in November to the Jewish
organizations in the United States and authorized them to make the facts
public. On February 9, 1943 Welles forwarded the horrible message contained in
cable 432 of January 21 to Rabbi Stephen Wise. In his letter of February 9
Welles stated that he was pleased to be of assistance in this matter.
Immediately upon the receipt of this message, the Jewish organizations arranged
for a public mass meeting in Madison Square Garden in a further effort to
obtain effective action.
(d) Certain State Department officials surreptitiously attempt to stop this
Government from obtaining further information from the very source from which
the above evidence was received. On February 10, the day after Welles
forwarded the message contained in cable 482 of January 21 to Rabbi Wise, and
in direct response to this cable, a most highly significant cable was
dispatched. This cable, 354 of February 10, read as follows:
"Your 482, January
"In the future we would suggest that you do not accept reports submitted to you
to be transmitted to private persons in the United States unless such action is
advisable because of extraordinary circumstances. Such private messages
circumvent neutral countries' censorship and it is felt that by sending them we
risk the possibility that steps would necessarily be taken by the neutral
countries to curtail of forbid our means of communication for confidential
Although this cable on its face is most innocent and innocuous, when read
together with the previous cables, I am forced to conclude it is nothing less
than an attempted suppression of information requested by this Government
concerning the murder of Jews by Hitler.
Although this cable was signed for Hull "SW" (Sumner Welles) it is significant
that there is not a word in the cable that would even suggest to the person
signing it that it was designed to countermand the Department's specific
requests for information on Hitler's plans to exterminate the Jews. The cable
appeared to be a normal routine message which a busy official would sign
I have been informed that the initialed file copy of the cable bears the
initials of Atherton and Dunn as well as of Durbrow and Hickerson.
(c) Thereafter Sumner Welles again requested our Legation on April 10, 1943
(cable 877) for information, apparently not realizing that in cable 354 (to
which he did not refer) Harrison had been instructed to cease forwarding
reports of this character. Harrison replied on April 20 (cable 2460) and
indicated that he was in a most confused state of mind as a result of the
conflicting instructions he had received. Among other things he stated: " May
I suggest that messages of this character should not (repeat not) be subjected
to the restriction imposed by your 354, February 10, and that I be permitted to
transmit messages from more particularly in view of the helpful information
which they may frequently contain?"
The fact that cable 354 is not the innocent and routine cable that it appears
to be on its face is further highlighted by the efforts of State Department
officials to prevent this Department from obtaining the cable and learning its
The facts relating to this attempted concealment are as follows:
(i) Several men in our Department had requested States Department officials for
a copy of the cable of February 10 (354). We had been advised that it was a
Department communication; a strictly political communication, which had nothing
to do with economic matters; that it had only had a very limited distribution
within the Department, the only ones having anything to do with it being the
European Division, the Political Advisor and Sumner Welles; and that a copy
could not be furnished to the Treasury.
(ii) At the conference in Secretary Hull's office on December 20 in the
presence of Breckinridge Long you asked Secretary Hull for a copy of cable 354,
which you were told would be furnished to you.
(iii) By note to you of December 30, Breckinridge Long enclosed a paraphrase of
able 354. This paraphrase of cable 354 specifically omitted any reference to
cable 482 of January 21--thus destroying the only tangible clue to the true
meaning of the message.
(iv) You would never have learned the true meaning of cable 354 had it not been
for the fact that one of the men in my office whom I had asked to obtain al the
facts on this matter for me had previously called one of the men in another
Division of the State Department and requested permission to see the cable. In
view of the Treasury interest in this matter this State Department
representative obtained cable 354 and the cable of January 21 to which it
referred and showed these cables to my man.
(4) The State Department officials have tried to cover up their guilt by:
(a) concealment and misrepresentation
In addition to concealing the true facts from and misrepresenting these facts
to the public, State Department officials have even attempted concealment and
misrepresentation within the government. The most striking example of this is
the above mentioned action taken by State Department officials to prevent this
Department from obtaining a copy of cable 354 of February 10 (which stopped the
obtaining of information concerning the murder of Jews); and the fact that
after you had requested a copy of this cable, State Department officials
forwarded the cable to us with its most significant part omitted, thus
destroying the whole meaning of the cable.
(b) the giving of false and misleading explanations for their failures to act
and their attempts to prevent action.
The outstanding explanation of a false and misleading nature which the State
Department officials have given for their failures to work out programs to
rescue Jews, and their attempts to prevent action, are the following:
(i) The nice sounding but vicious theory that the whole refugee problem must be
explored and consideration given to working out programs for the relief of all
refugees--thus failing to distinguish between those refugees whose lives are in
imminent danger and those whose lives are not in imminent danger.
(ii) The argument that various proposals cannot be acted upon promptly by this
Government but must be submitted to the Executive Committee of the
Intergovernmental Committee on Refugees. This Committee has taken no effective
action to actually evacuate refugees from enemy territory and it is at least
open to doubt whether it has the necessary authority to deal with the matter.
(iii) The argument that the extreme restrictions which the State Department has
placed on the granting of visas to refugees is necessary for "security reason."
The falsity of this argument has already been dealt with in this memorandum.
The false and misleading explanations which the State Department officials gave
for delaying for over six months the program of the World Jewish Congress for
the evacuation of thousands of Jews from Rumania and France, are dealt with in
your letter to Secretary Hull of December 17, 1943.
A striking example is the argument of the State Department officials that the
proposed financial arrangements might benefit the enemy. It is of course not
surprising that the same State Department officials who usually argue that
economic considerations are not important should in this particular case
attempt to rely on economic warfare considerations to kill the proposed
In this particular case, the State Department officials attempted to argue that
the relief plan might benefit the enemy by facilitating the acquisition of
funds by the enemy. In addition to the fact that this contention had no merit
whatsoever by virtue of the conditions under which the local funds were to be
acquired, it is significant that this consideration had not been regarded as
controlling in the past by the State Department officials, even where no such
conditions had been imposed.
Thus, in cases involving the purchase, by branches of United States concerns in
Switzerland, of substantial amounts of material in enemy territory, State
Department officials have argued that in view of the generous credit supplied
by the Swiss to the Germans "transactions of this type cannot be regarded as
actually increasing the enemy's purchasing power in Switzerland which is
already believed to beat a maximum". It is only when these State Department
officials really desire to prevent a transaction that they advance economic
warfare considerations as a bar.
(c) the issuance of false and misleading statements concerning the "action"
which they have taken to date.
It is unnecessary to go beyond Long's testimony to find many examples of
misstatements . His general pious remarks concerning what this Government has
done for the Jews of Europe; his statement concerning the powers and functions
of the Intergovernmental Committee on Refugees; his reference to the "screening
process" set up to insure wartime security, etc., have already been publicly
criticized as misrepresentations.
A statement which is typical of the way Long twists facts is his remarks
concerning the plan of a Jewish agency to send money to Switzerland to be used
through the International Red Cross to buy food to take care of Jews in parts
of Czechoslovakia and Poland. Long indicates that the Jewish agency requested
that the money be sent through the instrumentality of the Intergovernmental
Committee. I am informed that the Jewish agency wished to send the money
immediately to the International Red Cross and it was Long who took the
position that the matter would have to go through the Intergovernmental
Committee, thereby delaying the matter indefintely. Long speaks of an
application having been filled with the Treasury to send some of this money and
that the State Department was supporting this application to the Treasury. The
facts are that no application has ever been filed with the Treasury that it
would support any such application.
The most patent instance of a false and misleading statement is that part of
Breckinridge Long's testimony before the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the
House (November 26, 1943) relating to the admittance of refugees into this
country. Thus, he stated:
"*** We have taken into this country since the beginning of the Hitler regime
and the persecution of the Jews , until today, approximately 580,000 refugees.
The whole thing has been under the quota, during the period of 10 years--all
under the quota--except the generous gesture we made with visitors' and transit
visas during an awful period."
Congressman Emanuel Celler in commenting upon Long's statement in the House on
December 20, 1943, stated:
"***In the first place these 580,000 refugees were in the main ordinary quota
immigrants coming in from all countries. The majority were not Jews. His
statement drips with sympathy for the persecuted Jews, but the tears he sheds
are crocodile. I would like to ask him how many Jews were admitted during the
last 3 years in comparison with the number seeking entrance to preserve life
and dignity. *** One gets the impression from Long's statement that the United
States has gone out of its way to help refugees fleeing death at the hands of
the Nazis. I deny this. On the contrary, the State Department has turned its
back on the time-honored principle of granting havens to refugees. The
tempest-tossed get little comfort from men like Breckinridge Long. *** Long
says that the door to the oppressed is open but that it 'has been carefully
screened.' What he should have said is 'barlocked and bolted.' By the act of
1924, we are permitted to admit approximately 150,000 immigrants each year.
During the last fiscal year only 23,725 came as immigrants. Of these only
4,705 were Jews fleeing Nazi persecution.
"If men of the temperment and philosophy of Long continue in control of
immigration administration, we may as well take down that plaque from the
Statue of Liberty and bloack out the 'lamp beside the golden door.'"
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